(C) Reuters. FILE PHOTO: A worker controls forming of aluminium ingots on a conveyor belt at the foundry shop of the Rusal Krasnoyarsk aluminium smelter in Krasnoyarsk, Russia October 3, 2018. REUTERS/Ilya Naymushin
By Pratima Desai
LONDON (Reuters) – Record aluminium prices in the United States and Europe will be sustained by Russia’s mining tax for some months, but attempts to push prices even higher are likely to face headwinds from traders cashing in their stocks, analysts said.
Russia has imposed a 15% tax or a minimum of $254 a tonne on aluminium exports between August and December. Rusal, Russia’s only aluminium producer, accounted for 6% of global supplies estimated at 65 million tonnes last year.
Graphic: Rusal’s aluminium sales, https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/ce/yzdvxljygvx/Rusals’s%20aluminium%20sales.PNG
Consumers purchasing aluminium on the spot physical market pay the benchmark aluminium price on the London Metal Exchange (LME) plus a premium which covers transport and handling costs and taxes.
Graphic: Global container freight rates, https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/ce/lgvdwwmqapo/Global%20container%20freight%20rates.PNG
Prices of aluminium used widely in the transport and packaging industries were already climbing due to soaring demand, shrinking supplies and surging freight costs, recently reaching $2,642 a tonne – the highest since April 2018, after the United States imposed sanctions on Rusal.
Graphic: Aluminium prices in the US and Europe, https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/ce/lgvdwwmxapo/Aluminium%20prices%20in%20the%20US%20and%20Europe.PNG
Premiums in Europe and the United States are at record highs near $360 and $760 a tonne respectively.
“If you had 100% pass through of the tax in the United States you would actually get to about $990, but I don’t think it will get there,” said Citi analyst Oliver Nugent.
“This tax level will be in place until the end of the year. There will be no better time for a trader holding inventory to sell. Consumers are also incentivised to destock.”
The forward curve suggests U.S. premiums have peaked and a drop to $570 a tonne by the end of 2022.
Graphic: US aluminium premiums, forwards curve, https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/ce/byvrjjoxmve/US%20aluminium%20premiums.PNG
A permanent tax on aluminium exports is likely after comments to that effect from President Vladimir Putin and the country’s economy minister, although expectations are for a significantly lower rate.
Jorge Vazquez, founder of Harbor Aluminium, said higher premiums due to the “the inflationary effects of Russia’s export tax” were “psychologically supported” by a reduction in production at at Rio Tinto (NYSE:RIO)’s Kitimat operation in British Columbia due to a strike.
“Large consumers are actively looking for additional contract volumes for September-December 2021 and into 2022, aiming to reduce exposure to the spot market,” Vazquez said.
Record high aluminium prices likely to spur destocking
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